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SH €B'§M University 


Volume VIII SEPTEMBER, 1938 Number 1 


"The business of reason seems to be 
to chasten and direct our instincts, never 
to destroy them." 

— Schiller 

Published monthly by the Trustees of Shaw University. Entered as second class matter 
January 25, 1932, at the post office at Raleigh, N. C, under the Act of August 2h, 1912. 


Ex Officio 
FRANK W. PADELFORD, A.M., Ph.D., Newton Centre, Mass. 

Executive Secretary, Board of Education, Northern Baptist Convention 


Treasurer, American Baptist Home Mission Society 

EMORY W. HUNT, D.D., Lewisburg, Pa. 

President-Emeritus, Bucknell University ; Chairman, Board of Education, Northern 
Baptist Convention 

Expiring 1938 
JOHN P. TURNER, M.D., LL.D., Philadelphia, Pa., Secretary 

Police Surgeon ; Member, Philadelphia Board of Education 

J. R. WEATHERSPOON, Raleigh, N. C. 

Treasurer, Durham Life Insurance Company ; Former President, Raleigh Chamber of 

ROBERT P. DANIEL, Ph.D., Raleigh, N. C. 

President of the University 

J. T. HAIRSTON, D.D., Greensboro, N. C. 

Pastor, Shiloh Baptist Church ; President, General Baptist State Convention 

Expiring 1939 
JOSEPH M. BROUGHTON, A.B., LL.B., Raleigh, N. C. 

Attorney at Law ; Former President, State Bar Association 

GEORGE O. BULLOCK, D.D., Washington, D. C, Vice President 

Pastor, Third Baptist Church 


Former Executive Secretary, Woman's American Baptist Home Mission Society 

ALBERT W. BEAVEN, D.D., LL.D., Rochester, N. Y., President 

President, Colgate-Rochester Divinity School ; Chairman, Executive Board, American 
Baptist Home Mission Society 

Expiring 1940 
CHARLES E. MADDRY, D.D., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Secretary, Foreign Mission Board, Southern Baptist Convention 

C. C. SPAULDING, LL.D., Durham, N. C, Treasurer 

President, North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company ; President, 
Mechanics and Farmers Bank 

MARY A. BURWELL, Raleigh, N. C. 

Corresponding Secretary, Woman's Home and Foreign Mission Convention 
of North Carolina 

EUGENE C. CARDER, D.D., New York City 

Associate Minister, The Riverside Church 


April 20, 1938 

^o the trustees of §haw University: 

I have the honor to present my second report as president of Shaw Uni- 
versity portraying the work of the institution for the academic year 1937- 
1938, the seventy-third year of its existence. 

During the year we have given attention to continuing the building-reno- 
vation program, improving the efficiency in the functioning of the admin- 
istrative units of the institution, providing a larger service for the advance- 
ment of the ministers in the State, enriching the college life, and securing 
further financial support of alumni and friends. "We believe that much 
progress has been made in these endeavors. 

L Significant Elements During the Year 

The most significant developments for the year may be listed as follows: 

1. Receiving the income from the Leonard Memorial Fund and the Green- 
leaf funds under an agreement with the Board of Education of the North- 
ern Baptist Convention and the American Baptist Home Mission Society 
by which Shaw is to receive this income annually. These trust funds 
amount to about $30,000.00. 

2. The increased support of alumni and friends. The contributions from 
individuals this year have more than doubled the amount received last 
year. Already thirty-nine associations, churches, and individuals have 
contributed $100 or more each to assist in the building renovation pro- 
gram. Plaques are being installed on the doors in appreciation of their 

3. Improvement in library services permitting wider use of books by stu- 
dents and teachers and involving extensive cataloging, classifying, shelf 
list rechecking, and revision of other features to promote greater effi- 

4. Enlargement of the services of Shaw as a center of religious promotion 
through an annual Ministers' Conference-Institute, several District Min- 
isters' Institutes, and a College Students' Christian Conference. 

5. Revision of various requirements and procedures designed to improve 
the outcomes of our instruction, curriculum, and college life. 

6. The complete renovation of Shaw Hall. This is probably the most ex- 
tensive single renovation project in the history of the school. This build- 
ing has been rewired, replastered, and repainted inside; new floors with 
rubber treading in the halls, wash rooms on each floor, deteriorated 
tower and chimneys removed from the roof, roof repaired, new furniture 
installed in the rooms, and an office provided for the Dean of Men. 

7. In addition to the Shaw Hall renovation, the improvements in the physi- 
cal plant are as follows: 

(a) Complete renovation of four faculty homes. 

(b) Painting of class rooms on the first floor of Science Hall. 

(c) Installation of indirect lighting system in the administrative offices. 

(d) Purchase of electric master mixer and potato peeler for the kitchen. 

(e) Purchase of over 100 chairs for the library and the chapel. 

(f) Purchase of piano and 250 hymnals. 

(g) Equipping recreation room and small living room in the girls' dormi- 
tory with new furniture. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 

II. Concerning Students and Student Life 


The administrative policy for the past two years has heen to exercise a 
greater selectivity in choosing students. More stringent tests are being 
applied with reference to scholarship, conduct, leadership and ability to 
support the program of the University. We have tried to be consistent with 
the policy stated in the report of last year of keeping our student body 
within our capacity to serve comfortably and efficiently. Such a policy has 
contributed toward a 5.2 per cent decrease in the enrollment for the first 
semester of this year. At the close of last year 23 students were dropped 
from the institution because of poor scholarship and five for personality 
and conduct, reasons. 

The constancy of the size of our student body for the year is seen in the 
fact that there is only a difference of 22 in the number of students regis- 
tered for the second semester as compared with the first semester. At only 
one time in the past 12 years has the number of new students entering at 
the beginning of the second semester been as large as that of the current 
year. It is also interesting to note that the freshman class this year con- 
tains a larger percentage of men than that of last year. 

One of the traditions of Shaw University is the promotion of a relation- 
ship among the students such as is typified by a large family. This year 
the family idea is particular evident at Shaw University not only in spirit 
but in blood relationship at well. Among the students registered are 23 
sibling combinations. Of one family there are four members, three brothers 
and one sister, children of a member of the Board of Trustees. 

The University continues to have registered a large percentage of stu- 
dents affiliated with the Baptist denomination. The fact that 70 per cent 
of the student body is Baptist indicates the importance of the Baptist con- 
stituency to the welfare of Shaw University, although it is interesting to 
observe that there are eight other denominations represented. 

More than 26 per cent of the students come from rural communities. The 
distribution of our students by states is as follows: 

Arkansas 3 New Jersey 17 

Connecticut 2 New York 4 

Florida 1 North Carolina 417 

Indiana 1 Pennsylvania 7 

Kentucky 2 Tennessee 1 

Louisiana 1 Virginia 10 

Maryland 2 West Virginia 1 

Massachusetts 1 District of Columbia 2 

Total 472 

During 1937-38 the grand total of persons pursuing courses under the di- 
rection of Shaw University is 1808 enrolled as follows: 

Academic year 472 

Summer School 601 

Extension 735 

Total : 1808 

The Shaw University Bulletin 5 


The Psychological Counselling Service was hegun last school year. The 
main features of this service were outlined in the report made at the last 
trustee meeting. This counselling service includes general counselling as 
well as psychological counselling on personal problems that confront stu- 
dents, supplementing the work of the personnel deans. 

An outline and explanation to the faculty of the functions and aims of 
this service resulted in securing the cooperation of the staff in referring 
several cases of unadjusted students who might otherwise have been neg- 
lected. Students, themselves, are becoming increasingly aware of the bene- 
fits of the service and several have sought it of their own volition. The 
psychological counsellor reports that the problems embrace the areas of per- 
sonal adjustments, stammering, study habits, health, marriage, finance and 

The personnel services are meeting a distinct need. There is no need to 
discuss the obvious fact that many of our students find conditions more 
favorable here than in many of their homes and that they adjust them- 
selves slowly to the exacting standards of study and group-living. There 
are the usual elements of faulty habits, ignorance of certain fundamentals 
of living, clashes of personalities, fears, personal dislikes, indifference, and 
misdirected interests. The personal adjustment lectures have been helpful 
in giving information and in correcting attitudes among our freshmen. 


There has been a definite improvement in our health service this year. 
A contributory cause was a revision of the responsibilities of the nurse so 
that she was relieved of duties as a matron. She was enabled, therefore, to 
give full attention to the obligations of health service. 

There have been fewer ward cases during the present year. Two cases 
of measles, one among male students and one among female students, pre- 
sented the most trying problems, but the isolation was so well handled 
that no other cases have developed. 

Of special significance was the all-University program of tuberculin test- 
ing. Tuberculin tests given in February of 1937 were followed up and 
checked again in February of this year. None of these cases had prog- 
ressed to a more dangerous point within the year's time. A few Wasserman 
tests have been given where blood-bone infections were indicated. Follow- 
up treatments after appendectomies and other abdominal operations per- 
formed by family surgeons during the summer vacations have been given 
in several cases. There has been a marked decrease in the number of stu- 
dents needing treatments by dentists, and eye and throat specialists. 

We were very pleased to have had a visit by Doctor Paul Cornelly, direc- 
tor of Student Health Service of Howard University. He made a study of 
our system and has given some very helpful suggestions which we plan to 
inaugurate next year. 


At the beginning of the first semester 108 men registered to live in the 
two men's dormitories. At the beginning of the second semester 111 men 
registered to live in the dormitories. There has been little change in the 
population of either building since the first two months of the school year. 

6 The Shaw University Bulletin 

The renovation of Shaw Hall has had an effect similar to that of the 
renovation of Convention Hall. The men have shown appreciation for what 
has been done to beautify the building and to improve the facilities by an 
improvement in living habits. 

The Men's Dormitory Committee has been working effectively this year. 
Aside from keeping a general observation over the life of the dormitories, 
it sponsored a Shaw Hall Open House, a dormitory paper, a series of Sunday 
Evening Fellowship Hours, and one other public event. Other minor ob- 
jectives have been realized. In most of its work the Dormitory Committee 
has had splendid support from the men. 

In the personnel area, more attention has been given in instruction in 
the arts of good behavior. Providing a new office and equipment for the 
Dean of Men and his assistant has greatly facilitated a larger counselling 
service for both resident and day students. It is gratifying to see that the 
day students are participating increasingly in campus activities. We are 
pleased that there were very few cases of discipline of a major nature. 


It has been the general aim of the Dean of Women to improve the aca- 
demic status of women students; to interest them in a larger service in 
church and community; to develop in each more initiative and self-reliance, 
a cooperative attitude toward dormitory and campus life, and an apprecia- 
tion for the best cultural and social experiences of life; and to stress the 
integrity of personal behaviour in conditions of an increasing relative free- 
dom. The philosophy behind these endeavors has been the belief that the 
way to teach proper behavior in a free and liberal society is to have the 
laboratory conditions in the college simulate the conditions in the world 

The beauty parlor, which was installed during the first year of the present 
administration, has reduced greatly the problem of hair-dressing in the 
individual rooms as well as reducing the number using off-campus beauty 
parlors. Aside from the convenience which the beauty parlor has provided, 
it has also been a benefit in allienating some of the problems which natur- 
ally attend an area of movement of women students about the city. 

As in the case of the young men, improvement has been noted in the 
increasing participation of women day students in campus activities. There 
has been a definite effort to get every woman student in the dormitory to 
become interested in some activity and in almost every case they have been 
participating even if only in a departmental club. 


Shaw University recognizes that extracurricular activities offer a valuable 
avenue in the development of student life. There are 41 organizations on 
the campus. 

The University has very definitely regulated the administration of the 
activities of the Greek letter societies. In the past one of the problems has 
been excessive initiations and probation periods. The fraternities and 
sororities themselves have recognized the advantages to the University in 
the new regulations and have been pleased to cooperate whole-heartedly. On 
a whole, these organizations have exhibited a more friendly spirit toward 
each other than in the past. 

Students are regular members of the following University Standing Com- 
mittees: Athletic, Chapel and Religious Life, Concert and Lecture, and 

The Shaw University Bulletin 7 


There is a new enthusiasm engendered in the alumni, students and friends 
which causes the athletic program to become a vital part of the University. 
The reason for this is that during the past two years our teams have been 
winning and attendance has increased, and finances about doubled. Needless 
to say that there have been attendant problems. 

The attendance in athletics has been greatly enhanced by a colorfully 
uniformed cheering squad. We are pleased to have had the support of a 
group of citizens in Raleigh known as the Shaw University Boosters Club. 
Because of their interest they have assisted in equipping the cheering squad 
and furnishing more seats on the athletic field by erecting additional 
bleachers. The coach has had the valuable assistance of a special part-time 
coach in football and various faculty members in basketball, tennis, and 
track. I am happy to report that our athletes continue to show clean sports- 
manship in our athletic participation. Unfortunately, our football record 
was marred by the use through misunderstanding of two students who 
were later declared ineligible. In order to prevent such an occurrance 
again, the University has adopted the policy that the eligibility of players 
participating in inter-collegiate athletics must be investigated and approved 
by the Athletic Committee, the physical director, and the Registrar. 
* For the first time since 1926 an athletic team representing the institution 
has won the championship of the league of which it is a member. This 
year our woman's basketball team was undefeated in a 10-game schedule 
becoming thereby the young women's basketball champions of North Caro- 


Since our students for the most part come from families of limited in- 
comes, the financial stress and strain is very great. The whole problem of 
finance occupies far too large and disturbing place in the attention of the 
students to permit the best educational effort. The personnel deans en- 
counter definite personality maladjustments directly traceable to financial 
difficulties. Anti-social attitudes and misconduct often grow out of a back- 
ground of want. 

As may be seen from the following chart, the institution has endeavored 
to give some assistance in scholarships, loans, and work aid to the students. 
Our limited resources obviously prohibit our assisting more than a small 
proportion of those needing help. Since this school year has not ended, the 
figures are not yet available for the assistance which we are extending 
this year. However, the situation is much this year as for 1936-37 when the 
following assistance was extended: 

Method of Assistance 





NYA Aid 

$ 5,148.20 




Institution's Aid 

a. Scholarships 


b. Loans to Students 


c. Student Labor 


Total $14,683.18 221 

8 The Shaw University Bulletin 

Unfortunately, there is the problem of unsatisfactory discharge of the 
duties by some of the students who are given work assistance. Because of 
the complaints sometimes reported last year from student labor a grading 
system was inaugurated this year. The supervisors have found this quite 
helpful and a Student Service Committee has made re^ssignments when 
work has been reported to be unsatisfactory. 

III. The Faculty 


The University staff consists of 41, with 26 in the instructional group and 
15 administrative officers and assistants not included in the instructional 

The University misses the services of Miss Ada I. Smith, affectionately 
known as, "Mother Smith," who has retired with a status as matron-emeri- 
tus, after a service of 17 years extending over administrations of three of 
Shaw's presidents. 

Professor Nelson H. Harris, Assistant Professor James S. Lee and Mr. 
Benjamin A. Quarles were granted leaves to study this year. Professor 
Harris has already completed his study and will receive the Ph.D. degree at 
the June Convocation of the University of Michigan. Mr. Lee at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and Mr. Quarles at the University of Wisconsin, will 
complete the residence requirements for the Ph.D. degree this year. Miss 
Marguerite S. Frierson has returned to her work in the Departmnet of Edu- 
cation. She has completed requirements for the Master of Education degree 
at Boston University. 

On a whole, the morale of the faculty has been good and the seriousness 
with which teachers have gone about their work is commendable. Members 
of the faculty have expressed the opinion that some of the factors that help 
promote this condition have been the paying of full salaries without deduc- 
tions for the past two years, the definite delegation of administrative re- 
sponsibilities with full explanation of procedures in routine matters, and the 
democratic policies of the President in faculty relationships and administra- 
tive problems. 


The administration has endeavored to encourage the participation of the 
iaculty in various educational meetings and in programs promoting racial 
and civic advancement. During the year representatives of Shaw University 
attended the meetings of the Southern Association of Secondary Schools 
and Colleges, New Orleans; Association of Deans and Registrars in Negr*o 
Colleges, Little Rock, Arkansas; The Association of Deans of Women, Tus- 
kegee Institute, Alabama; The Association of Deans and Advisors of Men, 
Raleigh; North Carolina College Conference, Elizabeth City; National Asso- 
ciation of College Women, Pittsburg, Pa.; The American Historical Asso- 
ciation, New York; National Intercollegiate Dramatic Association, Washing- 
ton, D. C; Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association, Lincoln, Pa.; North 
Carolina Library Association, Durham; The Coordinating Committee on 
Education for Negroes in North Carolina, Greensboro; North Carolina Negro 

The Shaw University Bulletin 9 

Teachers Association, Durham; Wake County Conference of Teachers of 
Home Economics, Durham; Advisory Committee of the Adult Education 
Council of North Carolina, Durham; North Carolina Conference of Social 
Workers, Raleigh; Annual Session of the North Carolina Interracial Com- 
mission, Wilson; General Baptist State Convention, High Point; State 
Sunday School and B. Y. P. U. Convention, Raleigh; Woman's Home and 
Foreign Mission Convention of North Carolina, Charlotte; National Student 
Assembly, Oxford, Ohio. 


Members of the faculty have cooperated in many community projects, 
have served as teachers and speakers in the various Sunday Schools and 
churches, and are actively affiliated with the program of the Raleigh Com- 
munity Chest, Credit Union, Boy Scouts, Raleigh Vocational Council, North 
Carolina Interracial Commission, The Bishop Tuttle School of Social Work 
Baby Clinic, and other civic organizations. 


The institution has been host to the National Association of Deans and 
Advisors of Men, a District Conference of Jeannes Teachers, Community 
Better Farm and Home program of the vocational agricultural teachers of 
the Raleigh district, district conference of the home economics teachers of 
the State Department of Education, College Students' Christian Conference, 
basketball tournament of the eastern division of the North Carolina Negro 
High School Athletic Association, Negro High School Dramatic Tournament, 
Executive Committee of the North Carolina Parent-Teacher Association, 
National Recreation Committee, WPA Adult Education Conference. The 
institution has also extended its facilities for the accommodation of the 
WPA Adult Education classes twice a week, the Federal Little Theater 
Guild, Federal Art Studio and a WPA playground and kindergarten project. 

IV. Alumni 

The continued loyalty and the increased support of the alumni has been 
very encouraging. As a part of the commencement program last June an 
innovation was inaugurated in the form of a University-Alumni-Seniors' Ban- 
quet. This was an inspiring occasion and was attended by 250 persons. A 
continuation of the interest of the alumni was gratifyingly demonstrated on 
Founder's Day. The contributions of $1,600 which were reported on that 
day were the largest received in cash on a Founder's Day celebration. This 
figure does not include contributions which were made prior to that day. 

On last commencement our alumni group was increased by 73 of whom 
50 were awarded the B.A. degree, 20 the B.S. degree, and three the B.D. 
degree. The degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon Attorney Ray- 
mond Pace Alexander of Philadelphia, Pa., and the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity upon the Rev. Benjamin Franklin Jordan of Wilson. 

The increasing number of graduates of Shaw University receiving ad- 
vanced degrees is very gratifying. The following number have been re- 
ported as receiving degrees within the last four years: 

10 The Shaw University Bulletin 

Doctor of Philosophy — Cornell 1 

Master of Science — -Cornell 1 

Master of Arts — Columbia 3 

Master of Arts — Atlanta 2 

Master of Arts — Howard 1 

Master of Arts — Fisk 1 

Master of Arts — Hartford 1 

Master of Arts— Michigan 1 

Master of Arts — Wittenburg 1 

According to our records, 65 Shaw University students have attended gradu- 
ate schools within the last four years. 

In connection with the trip to New Orleans to attend the meeting of the 
Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools for Negroes, an ex- 
tended tour was arranged which enabled the President to visit the alumni 
in Alabama and Georgia. We were able to renew the interest of many of 
the early graduates in their Alma Mater and we are already receiving tangi- 
ble evidences of their increased support. 

V. Educational Program 


A conscientious effort has been made to improve the institution and the 
quality of academic work. Through enriched faculty meetings, visiting of 
classrooms by the President and the Dean, regulation of instructional proced- 
ures and educational policies by an Educational Council composed of the 
Division Chairmen, the Dean of the College, the Dean of the School of 
Religion, the Registrar, the Librarian, and the Personnel Counselor. 

Faculty meetings have been enriched by the scheduling of facultj r mem- 
bers to present a brief discussion of a phase of the work in which they are 
interested or in which they desire to see changes made. On every occasion 
the speaker has presented a frank and stimulating discussion which has 
been worthwhile. In addition, an administrative officer has been scheduled 
at each meeting to present a discussion of the responsibilities and functions 
of his office. These discussions have been very informing to the other 
faculty members and have resulted in a better understanding of the duties 
of their colleagues and more cooperation from the staff as a whole in the 
discharge of their responsibilities. 

An interesting experiment is being conducted by certain teachers in a 
cooperative instructional project. Term papers submitted in one field are 
graded for English by an instructor in the English Department. Students 
who write themes for the English Department are required to read books 
from their field of interest and to write on subjects from them. When expert 
advice is needed on a matter peculiar to a department, the representative 
from that department is consulted in the evaluation of the work. As this 
cooperative enterprise is only beginning this year, we are not in a position 
as yet to appraise the results. Some of the teachers of English and the 
Social Sciences have agreed upon certain forms for term papers. During 
the next year through the Educational Council we shall work for certain 
general standards in those areas which lend themselves to such. 

A study is being made by the staff concerning the best utilization of the 
data obtained from the use of the Psychological Examinations of the Ameri- 
can Council on Education. The Educational Council is interested in study- 
ing the accumulated data in an effort to ascertain the best services of the 
tests in a program of educational guidance. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 11 

Whereas last year the personnel adjustment lectures for freshmen were 
conducted only for the second semester, this year the lectures for the 
freshmen have been held throughout the year. The outline of the subjects 
has been given earlier in the report. At the present time this series is 
presented chiefly as a part of the personnel program. The Educational 
Council is giving consideration to organizing the series into a unit course 
which will require some preparation on the part of the students and an 
examination at the end of each semester. 

We have been pleased to cooperate with St. Augustine's College in the 
matter of exchanging teachers and utilization of facilities mutually bene- 
ficial. The administrative authorities at the two institutions are giving 
serious consideration to additional areas of joint and cooperative endeavors. 
We hope to be able to report much progress in this undertaking next year. 


The present year in the School of Religion has been marked by growth 
and in some respects has been unprecedented. There has been evidences of 
increased interest in scholarship and participation in community and 
national activities. The scope of the influence of the School of Religion has 
been extended. Students seem to have a greater interest in promoting the 
growth of the school by putting forth definite effort to attract young men in 
the high schools and colleges to the ministry and to the School of Religion. 
Our School of Religions through its students has been represented in State 
and national organizations in planning and directing capacities. Students 
of the Senior Class of the School of Religion have maintained membership in 
the Alpha Omicron Honor Society over a longer period than any other male 
members of the University. They have at the same time been active in work 
in local churches and other social and religious institutions or organizations. 

There are four persons teaching in the School of Religion, two of whom 
are full time and two part time. One of the full-time teachers has no other 
major University duties to perform and resides in the dormitory with the 
theological students. The other full-time teacher, the Dean of the School, 
gives some courses in Religion in which a large percentage of the members of 
the class are college students. One of the teachers with a part-time assign- 
ment is the Dean of Men and teacher of Philosophy in the college. The 
other part-time teacher is pastor of White Rock Baptist Church, Durham, 
North Carolina, one of the prominent churches of the South. He commutes 
two days each week. 

The scholarship of each member of the faculty is good. Three are gradu- 
ates of church colleges and the other of a state university. Each holds one 
or more advanced degrees from the best Northern theological institutions. 
One has completed residence requirements at Yale University for the Ph.D. 
degree in Philospohy and the Negro Church. One has completed residence 
requirements for the Ph.D. degree at the University of Chicago in Religious 
Education. One has graduated from Northern Baptist Theological Seminary 
and has almost completed residence requirements for the Ph.D. degree at the 
University of Chicago in Church History. One has taken two degrees at 
the Oberlin Theological Seminary. Each has a scholarly point of view and 
is a student of the best thought in his field. There is complete freedom 
given each teacher and encouragement to develop the best in his field. A 

12 The Shaw University Bulletin 

deep reverence and appreciation for spiritual values and the fearless search 
or truth give distinction to the School of Religion of Shaw University. 

The enrollment has increased steadily since the beginning in 1933. The 
enrollment of nine in the School of Religion this year means an increase of 
one over last year. In addition to these nine graduate students in Religion 
there are nineteen students in the college who are pursuing a major in 

Several changes have been made in the curriculum in recent years in the 
attempt to raise the standard of theological education. From a Theological 
Department which offered no course which was recognized by the College of 
Shaw University because of the standard of work done, to the School of 
Religion in many ways comparable to the best in the South without regard 
to race, the theological training program of Shaw University has shown 
wholesome development. When the Theological Department became stand- 
ardized in 1927 it was felt by some that the enrollment would decrease. The 
opposite was the result. There has been an increase in enrollment despite 
the raising of the standards. 

Growth might be seen not only in the increase in enrollment but in the 
type of students. Although some who are preparing for the ministry do 
not measure up to the standards reached by some other students of the 
college, it cannot be said that only those who are unable to pass in other 
courses take theology. As previously mentioned, the two male students 
who have consistently maintained the highest scholastic standard among 
the male students and hold membership in the Alpha Omicron Honor So- 
ciety are members of the senior class in the School of Religion. Students 
selected by the teachers of sociology and history to assist in making studies 
and collecting data were chosen from the School of Religion. A student of 
the School of Religion has been more active in economic and social move- 
ments as they related to the welfare of the Negro than any other student of 
Shaw. This student so demonstrated his ability as a preacher that Doctor 
O. S. Bullock, pastor of the First Baptist Church, Raleigh, N. C, left him 
as pastor in charge during his vacation last summer. Another member 
of the senior class is pastor of two or more churches and was the chair- 
man of the College Students' Christian Conference which met at Shaw Uni- 
versity on April 3. The third member of the senior class is a member of 
the A.M.E. Zion Church and has been a pastor for several years. 

For the first time in the history of the School of Religion a graduate of 
another college with the A.B. degree matriculated. It is also significant 
that this student is a member of the Christian Church and is the presiding 
officer of the largest group of churches of any one in his connection. He is 
a full time pastor and influential churchman. He is a member of a de- 
nomination which has a large percentage of its ministry untrained, but 
has no Theological School. The Christians and Baptists are much alike in 
policy at many points. The School of Religion might be of definite service 
to this denomination, and it is possible that the Christian denomination 
might adopt Shaw University as the School of Religion in which their min- 
isters will be trained. 

We are very proud of the ability and the services of the men in the 
School of Religion. We believe that we are making a significant contribu- 
tion to the development of the leadership in the Baptist churches in the 
State of North Carolina. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 13 


The growing importance of the library and the increasing demands placed 
upon it by the ever-changing educational aims and methods necessitate a 
definite program of development for effective service. 

Because of the urgent need for building up the new card catalog, the li- 
brary staff has devoted a considerable amount of time to cataloging new 
books, and discarding useless books. A new policy of simple cataloging for 
reserve books has enabled the student to become acquainted with all the 
books assigned in a specific course. 

The inaccuracies of the present shelf list are being checked. An assistant 
has been assigned the duty of reading shelves so that every book in the 
library will be accurately recorded in the shelf list catalog. It is hoped 
that this work will be completed by the next school term. 

Because of the limited shelving capacity, it is necessary to evaluate care- 
fully each book, periodical and pamphlet so that only live material may 
be retained on the shelves. An index of all periodicals in the library and 
a chart showing their location on the shelves have been arranged. 

The library personnel consists of a librarian, two staff assistants and 
eight student assistants. We believe that our library is as well admin- 
istered as any school of comparable size. 

We consider ourselves very fortunate in making available to our students 
the resources of other institutions through inter-library exchanges. This 
year our students have utilized the facilities of the Richard B. Harrison 
Public Library, the State Library, State College in Raleigh, Saint Augus- 
tine's College and Duke University. 

The library receives regularly 62 periodicals and 12 newspapers. We 
are always grateful for the gift of books. Among our largest contributions 
during the past year were one hundred and seventy-five volumes from Dr. 
E. McNeil Poteat, Cleveland, Ohio; one hundred and sixty-four from Miss 
Mary P. Burrill, Washington, D. C; fifty-six from Mr. C. W. E. Pittman, 
Hickory, N. C; one hundred and thirteen from Duke University; twenty- 
two books and one hundred and twenty-three periodicals from the Womans 
College of Duke University. We are also pleased to have gifts of one or 
two books from many individuals. 

VI. Shaw As A Center of Religious Promotion 


The Annual Ministers' Conference of two or three days was extended 
last summer to a full week with a daily program of regular class instruc- 
tion under the direction of Dean John L. Tilley of our School of Religion, 
Dr. G. W. Watkins, pastor of Bank St. Baptist Church, Norfolk, Va., and 
Dr. J. M. Ellison, professor at Virginia Union University, Richmond, "Va. 
Special lectures included the Rev. M. O. Alexander, the Rev. W. Perry 
Crouch, and Mr. M. A. Huggins of the Baptist State Convention of North 
Carolina; Dr. Hershew Davis of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary; 
Dr. B. W. Spillman of Southern Baptist Convention; Dr. Wm. Poteat, presi- 
dent-emeritus, Wake Forest College; the Rev. W. C. Somerville, general 
secretary, General Baptist State Convention; Dr. F. R. Mason, High Point. 

14 The Shaw University Bulletin 


In an endeavor to render a larger service to the ministers in the State, 
Shaw University is cooperating with various Baptist District Associations in 
furnishing special leaders to conduct courses in convenient centers within 
the jurisdiction of these associations. Any group interested in improving 
the training of the mass of Negro ministers in the State would find that any 
financial assistance given to us in this undertaking would make possible a 
larger service of inestimable value. 


Under the joint sponsorship of the General Baptist Convention and Shaw 
University, a significant conference of 250 students from the colleges in the 
State of North Carolina was held here on April 3. The theme of the confer- 
ence was "Religion in College Life," and was organized into sectional dis- 
cussions on the topics, "Religion in the Adjustment of Economic Problems 
of College Students," "Religion in the Adjustment of Social Problems," "Her 
ligion in the Adjustment of Personal Psychological Problems," and 
"Negro Church and the College Student." The students considered the 
conference so beneficial that they voted to request the University to promote 
the conference again next year. 

VIL Improvements In Plant and Services 

Repairs and equipment during this year have cost approximately twelve 
thousand dollars. 

The outstanding improvement in the physical plant was the complete 
renovation of Shaw Hall, a boys' dormitory. This is the oldest building on 
the campus and was in serious need of repairs. Our improvements con- 
sisted of replastering, repainting, rewiring the entire building, new flooring 
on all the halls, refurnishing the rooms, removal of the tower and chimney, 
and repairing of cornices and roof. 

Four faculty homes were completely renovated. Electric potato peeler 
and an electric Hobart master mixer and sundry supplies of dishes were 
purchased for the kitchen. Ten dozen chairs, book truck, and a 36-hole 
umbrella rack were purchased for the library. 

A communication system between the business office and the President's 
office has been installed. Indirect lighting system installed in the offices 
of the President, the Business Manager, the Dean, and the Registrar. An 
office for the Dean of Men has been provided and equipped. A Baldwin 
piano and 250 hymnals have been purchased. Three classrooms in Science 
Hall were painted. 

The Y. W. C. A. has furnished a lounge or recreation room in Estey Hall 
for both dormitory and day students. The Estey House Organization has 
sponsored a project by which the furniture in the small living room in the 
dormitory has been replaced by a three-piece wicker suite. The University 
has renovated and made available a reception room for the men in Conven- 
tion Hall. 

The Shaw University Bulletin 15 

VIII. Finances 


At the annual meeting of the Trustees last year proposals of the American 
Baptist Home Mission Society for making available again the income from 
certain trust funds were approved. Following this approval by the Trus- 
tees, the Board of Managers of the American Baptist Home Mission Society, 
on May 17, 1937, and the Board of Education of the Northern Baptist Con- 
vention, on May 19, 1937, voted to pay each year to Shaw University an 
amount equivalent to the income received from the Greenleaf Funds and the 
Leonard Memorial Fund as long as Shaw University shall be recognized as 
a Baptist educational institution by said Board, or by any other properly 
constituted agency of the Northern Baptist Convention. During this school 
year we began to receive the funds which these actions made possible. 
Needless to state, this income is meaning much to us. 

We deeply regret the loss of the annual appropriation from the Slater 
Fund. Shaw University has the distinction of being the only college to 
receive an appropriation every year during the existence of the fund. With 
the dissolution of this fund, we have made an application to the Southern 
Educational Foundation, which has the custody of the remaining assets of 
the fund, for a special grant for equipping the library. This would be a 
tangible project, in connection with the installing of which we would erect 
a plaque in lasting tribute of appreciation to the record of continuous sup- 
port during the existence of the Slater Fund. Our application has not been 
acted upon favorably as yet. 

We are pleased with the increased support of the alumni and friends this 
year over last year. The contributions of individuals have doubled. Three 
special gifts should be mentioned. One is a contribution of $500 for the 
library by Dr. Robert B. Tyler of Washington, D. C; the second is a gift of 
$500 by the widow of the late Dr. E. E. Smith, a former trustee of Shaw 
University, making a total of $1,000 which Mrs. Smith has given within the 
last two years; the other is a legacy of $100 in the will of the late Dr. 
M. S. G. Abbott of Florida, who finished Shaw in 1888. It is hoped that 
other alumni and friends will remember Shaw in their wills. 

As a tribute to those who have been liberal in their support, we are in- 
stalling on the doors of various rooms in the dormitories bronze plaques 
with the names of associations, churches and individuals donating at least 
one hundred dollars. To date contributions of $100 or more on this special 
project have been received from twenty church associations, ten churches, 
one Shaw club, and six individuals. The names of the individuals are: 
Mr. C. C. Spaulding, Durham; Mr. C. A. Marriott, Raleigh; the Rev. and 
Mrs. C. F. Pope, Burgaw; Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Cheek, Wise; the Rev. and 
Mrs. W. C. Somerville, Raleigh; Dr. David E. Lane, Washington, D. C. 
There are several other individuals who are making installment payments 
on their pledges to this project. Many will complete their payments by 


The developments which have taken place were possible only with the 
continued support of the alumni, churches and friends of the institution. 
Our financial strains are due to the necessity of carrying on a heavy build- 
ing renovation program without special funds for such. Unlike many 

16 The Shaw University Bulletin 

schools, we have adequate buildings for our present needs, but we need funds 
to continue the renovation of our buildings for modern use and for addi- 
tional equipment for present demands. Thirty-five thousand dollars would 
cover the most important needs. '-Jfewe could secure several special large 
gifts from philanthropic individuals or boards to cover these projects, then 
the donations from the alumni, churches and friends to the amount of ten 
thousand dollars each year would be adequate to meet our annual budgetary 

The next major renovation project is Estey Hall, the girls' dormitory. 
We propose to rewire, replaster, repaint, and to renovate the bathrooms this 
summer. The most pressing equipment need is in the library, where we 
should have standard library furniture, additional shelving, and floor cov- 
ering. Our chief need in the realm of student service is in more scholar- 
ship and loan funds. An important need for our educational program is 
for funds in promoting a larger service in the training of ministers in Asso- 
ciation Institutes, special classes, and in the School of Religion. 

In conclusion, I may state that I am happy to be able to report continued 
progress in the attainment of some of our objectives. Shaw University is 
fully established as an institution with splendid traditional emphasis upon 
scholarship and character and service. We believe that these emphases are 
still here; we aim to preserve them. 

The encouragement and support of the trustees, faculty, alumni, students, 
churches and friends have contributed to our present development. With 
continued faith in them and in God, we look forward to greater achieve- 

ment Respectfully submitted,